CO2 emissions from heavy industry represent nearly ~15% of total US CO2 emitted or ~740 million tons annually (2019).
Many economically critical industrial applications and processes lack viable alternative production methods that avoid CO2 emissions. High heat intensity requirements make electrification difficult, and many finished heavy industrial products rely on a carbon rich feedstock that results in the release of CO2 during production. Carbon capture and underground sequestration (CCS) is the only currently viable large-scale solution to reduce carbon emissions from US heavy industry.
CCS for industrial emissions is a cost-effective and high-impact carbon abatement approach that can be deployed at scale applying existing technologies. The cost of industrial CCS as a decarbonization method compares favorably to other potential large-scale alternatives such as: wind and solar power without fossil fuels using battery storage to mitigate intermittency, electrification of transportation, and direct air capture.